Anecdotally, it is widely felt that Tanzania’s schools are struggling- despite notable increases in enrollment and an annual budget of over a billion dollars ( that’s US, not Hong Kong) for education.
Uwezo – an initiative of Twaweza – decided to measure it and launched their findings just this morning (in the luxury of the Kilimanjaro Kempinski – always a questionable choice for NGO affairs, I feel). Their survey of over 22,000 households and their 42,000 children confirms suspicions. 80 percent of primary school leavers (that is, they have completed all seven years) can read to a level they should have reached in their second year, and maybe higher. And 70 percent of primary school leavers can deal with second year mathematics.
In other words, 20 percent of primary school leavers can’t read this:
Hapo zamani za kale, samaki waliishi nchi kavu. Waliishi kwa kula wadudu kama vile panzi, mende na sisimizi. Siku moja, wadudu hawa walikaa kikao na kupanga namna ya kuwaondoa samaki. Katika kikao chao wengi walicangia. Ikafika zamu ya sisimizi. Sisimizi alisimama na kusema, “umoja ni nguvu na utengano ni udhaifu”. Wote walisimama na kupiga kelele, “samaki wauaweee”. Samaki waliposikia hivi walikimbia na kujificha majini. Hadi hivi leo samaki wanaishi majini.
And 30 percent of those who get past primary can’t work this out:
15 x 4 =
It is a sensitive time for them to do this. Five years ago the NGO HakiElimu found itself proscribed from carrying out any activities in Tanzanian schools after it released a report that was in parts critical of Tanzania’s Primary Education Development Programme. HakiElimu, like Twaweza, was founded by Rakesh Rajani.
The report’s first recommendation is that we stop and think. Hopefully this can be achieved but during the rough and tumble of an election campaign, that may not be so easy. On the other hand the wide range of collaborators, from the Ministry to the private sector, hopefully indicates that findings have already seeped out into the right places and a ruckus can be avoided. But no doubt, turning around such a situation will necessitate some tense conversations to say the least.
The full report is worth getting your hands on. To a non-specialist it appears pretty rigorous. Its outline of the assessment methodology is comprehensive but also easy to digest. This is important in a country where such survey findings can sometimes be distrusted. It would have been good to also include the processes around the household questionnaire that also appears to have been administered alongside the numeracy and literacy assessments.
The numbers covered were substantial. So it would also have been good to learn more of how the data was collected and managed. With next year’s survey expected to cover c. 70,000 kids, it’s an issue that will only get bigger. So other mechanisms for managing distributed fieldwork may want to be looked at. Why not look at Indaba?
Will things change? That’s not up to Uwezo/Twaweza, but they are bullish, particularly about the potential role of tech innovations in opening up data and information and Cash on Delivery as a means of delivering aid on the basis of results. We’ll see.
A summary of the report can be found on the Twaweza website but not the Uwezo site, which tells us today that the findings will be out “later this year“. Tech innovations and all that. I hope I can update this very soon.
Update 22 9 10
The report and summaries are available on at the Tanzania Education Network/Mtandao wa Elimu Tanzania (TEN/MET).
This takes you to the full report (English).
This takes you to a summary of findings (English)
This takes you to a summary of findings (Swahili).